Taxonomy of Cowpea: Most nomenclature problems in the cultivated cowpeas and related wild species have been resolved to great extent. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Cowpeas were cultivated long ago, some 5 to 6 thousand years ago in West Africa. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. 1 A plant of the pea family native to the Old World tropics, cultivated for its edible pods and seeds. Synonyms; Vigna sinensis. 2. It is also known as Bachapin Bean, Southern Pea Black Eyed Cowpea, Black Eyed Dolichos, Poona Pea Black-Eyed Pea, Rope Bean Black-Eyed Bean, Red Pea China Bean, Marble Pea, Common Cowpea, Macassar Bean, Cowgram, Cowpea, Kafir Bean, Cultivated African Cowpea, Crowder Bean, Field … Download free Cowpea transparent images in your personal projects or share it as a cool sticker on Tumblr, WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Wechat, Twitter or in other messaging apps. The plants are heat-adapted and drought-tolerant. Yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. The plant's Family is Fabaceae. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. Updates? Plant family is the group of plants which have something in common. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Two cowpea genes, VuCOL1 and VuCOL2, clustering together within Group I are clearly the closest homologs of the Arabidopsis CO, COL1, and COL2 genes (Figure (Figure5). When she got married few decades ago, Salame continued farming and keeping livestock to support her new family, mainly in sorghum and cowpea production. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. The crop has good morphological and biochemical qualities which make it The pods are long and cylindrical and can grow 20–30 cm (8–12 inches) long, depending on the cultivar. This article was most recently revised and updated by, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture - Cowpea, cowpea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Further scientific classification of Cowpea is as follows: Along with Cowpea, scientific classification is also important. Their corresponding functional … There are six kingdoms: Plantae, Animalia, Fungi, Protista, Archaea/Archaeabacteria and Bacteria Eubacteria. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. Binomial name; Vigna unguiculata Walp. Cowpea plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Cowpea. Family: Fabaceae. Cowpeas are native to Africa where they were domesticated over 4000 years ago. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Along with the scientific name and classification of Cowpea, know about other Cowpea Facts. In Telegu, which is another Indian language the cowpea is called ‘alasandulu’. The elites of England actually considered it food just for the cows and preferred the English pea instead. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. The cowpea CO-like gene family has several interesting features. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. It is also known as black-eyed pea or southern pea etc. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Cowpea scientific name is “Vigna Unguiculata”. Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Cowpeas are basically annual crops grown for their leaves and seed. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. An edible seed of this plant. sesquipedalis), a subgroup of cowpea, is an important vegetable legume crop of Asia where its young pods are consumed in both fresh and cooked forms. stenophylla Harv. Cowpeas are called ‘lobhia’ according to the Hindi language. Subfamily: Faboideae. Cowpeas are typically climbing or trailing vines that bear compound leaves with three leaflets. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) (Pasquet 1998) also known as black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, southern pea, crowder pea, China pea and cow gram is an herbaceous legume belonging to the family Fabaceae.It is well adapted to harsh arid climates and low fertile soils and more drought- and heat-tolerant than most of its legume relatives (Carvalho et al. Cowpeas are also called Black-eyed peas, for their black spot on the oval-shaped, cream coloured bean. In general, all living organisms are divided into kingdoms in the form of a classification chart. Omissions? Cowpea family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Subsequently, it has been found to occur in Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, Japan, Surinam, and Cuba. Regarding cowpea usage, all households in So far, Cowpea farmers said the new beans variety Pod Borer Resistant (PBR) Cowpea (SAMPEA 20-T) has reduced cost of production compared to what was spent on the conventional variety. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. ssp. Cowpea genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. The growth habit is climbing, spreading or erect and they belong to the bean family (Leguminosae) (Papilionaceae). We have over 50,000 free transparent PNG images available to download today. Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV) is the type member of the genus Comovirus which includes 13 additional members in the family Comoviridae. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. CPMV was first isolated from an infected cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) plant in Nigeria in 1959. , having large leaves with three leaflets and seeds frequently oblong or.! 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